Easter constraint

A poet CAN write like a mathematician! Even Lewis Carroll, Author of Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, was a poet and mathematician.
His poem concerning the mouse’s tail and shaped like a tail, is called a concrete poem and is within a category of poetry called visual poetry. Visual poetry is concerned with shapes such as triangles or squares, and is constrained by line length and pace of the poem. An example of this is the poem, an Easter Gift I wrote when I was 15 for my Mother.

The Easter gift:

This time
of year has come
again in early spring
when life is new to look
upon all you have given me
and to tell how much that
I love you. I do not have
a basket of colorful eggs.
I am not a soft white Easter bunny.
I can never give you what you have given me.
All the billionaires in the world don’t have
enough money. The most precious gift that I
Can give is something of myself
to show I care. So I give you
these memories in expression
of my love, something
we shall always share.

Mathematical riddle

While taking a course, The History of Mathematics, I was inspired in coming to terms with the symbolism of numbers and the recreational aspect of mathematics in riddles. Through mathematical inspiration, lies the future of Mathematical Literature.
Another Mathematical riddle poem was born both literary and numerical. In my example, each word represents a number, 0 through 9 and the pattern is repeated until all numbers appear at least once.

When solving the mathematical aspect the formula is, word(s) representing (a) number(s) * word(s) representing (a)
number(s) = word(s) representing (a) number(s) All punctuation is ignored.
When reading the poem, ignore the multiplication symbol and the equals sign.

Winning Racing Horses, Go Running. Jump Over. Falling Fast-Jumping.
By Salie Davis

Racing * Horses. = Horses!
Horses, * Horses = Running,
Running * Horses, = Fast!
Fast * Horses = Racing Over,
Racing Over * Horses. = Go Horses!
Go! Horses, * Horses, = Over Running,
Over Running * Horses = Racing Horses Fast!
Racing Horses. Fast * Horses. = Horses Jump Over.
Horses Jump Over! * Horses = Jump, Racing Horses
Jump, Racing Horses. * Horses = Racing, Winning Horses, Running.
Racing! Winning! Horses Running, * Horses! = Horses Winning, Running Fast!
Horses Winning Running Fast, * Horses = Running, Winning, Jumping Over…
Running! Winning! Jumping Over, * Horses! = Fast Racing Jumping Horses!
Fast Racing Jumping Horses, * Horses = Racing Over. Go Fast! Running,
Racing Over, Go! Fast Running * Horses = Go! Horses Falling… Over Fast.


Solution Hint: It is an algorithm continue to scroll for the answer.




The solution is an algorithm of doubling. 1 X 2 = 2, 2 X 2 = 4, 4 X 2 = 8, 8 X 2 = 16, 16 X 2 = 32, 32 X 2 =
64, 64 X 2 = 128, 128 X 2 = 256, 256 X 2 = 512, 512 X 2 = 1024, 1024
X 2 = 2048, 2048 X 2 = 4096, 4096 X 2 = 8192, 8192 X 2 = 16384, 16384 X 2 = 32768

The Culture of Mathematical Literature: A Poetic Exploration


What is the Culture of mathematical literature? Can mathematics have a culture? Yes. According to its definition, culture is, in whole or in part, a particular society at a particular time and place, the knowledge and values shared by a society, or the preferences favored by a particular social group. Being that mathematics is a large contributor of knowledge throughout historical contexts within various societies and at times favored and valued by said groups, then mathematics is cultural. To discuss the culture of mathematics would be to repeat and add to the whole concept of the history of mathematics, Ethno Mathematics, and so on. The cultural preference of mathematical literature however is a burgeoning cultural phenomenon of most recent history. This is true specifically in the creative literature fields such as Mathematical Poetry. To explore this new trend in mathematical culture we must explore its beginnings, the present discoveries, applications, and future possibilities.

Mathematical literature is as old as the written word and mathematics itself; however for this discussion literature concerning mathematical computations must be separated from creative mathematical literature. Text books have always had an important facet in the cultural aspect of knowledge in mathematics. The creative expression of mathematics through literature is entirely different on a cultural level, as it applies to the artistic traditions rather than the knowledge base. Although this defining line exists, throughout the history of creative mathematical literature, this line has been blurred to the benefit of both creative expression and the pursuit of mathematical knowledge, through creative literature. Since the time of the Pythagoreans who connected the universe with numbers, and numbers with the mystical idea of geometry, mathematics remained primarily verbal; axioms, definitions, lemmas, and proofs were expressed in natural language. This progressed to the written word. At this point in history, with analytic geometry and the calculus, symbols created a mathematical albeit artificial language, separate from prior auditory and literary works. Aside from this artificial language, new types of creative mathematical literature have emerged over the past century and new types are being invented even today.

The definition of some types of mathematical literature are; fictional literature for readers of all ages that incorporate mathematical concepts, such as Euclid in the Rainforest by Joseph Mazur, or children’s books, such as counting books, that use fictional stories as a base to teach math in an entertaining way. Other creative uses for mathematical literature have been the use of mathematical riddles or word problems for the benefit of amusement throughout history. Constrained literature and mathematical literature have consistently intertwined in a beautiful dance, sadly seen by too few, called Mathematical Poetry.
One such example is ABC, an Analytic Geometry Poem by JoAnne Growney,

Axes beget coordinates, dutifully expressing functions, graphs, helpful in justifications, keeping legendary mathematics new or peculiarly quite rational so that understanding’s visual with x, y, z.

Creative literature for both children and adults also came in the form of poetry. These include poems that are about math, most often dealing with the emotional reactions to learning mathematical concepts, such as Figures of Thought by Howard Nemerov,

To lay the logarithmic spiral on
Sea-shell and leaf alike, and see it fit,
To watch the same idea work itself out
In the fighter pilot’s steepening, tightening turn
Onto his target, setting up the kill,
And in the flight of certain wall-eyed bugs . . .

Other poetry teaches about mathematical concepts, such as Pi, by Wislawa Szymborska,

The admirable number pi:
three point one four one.
All the following digits are also initial,
five nine two because it never ends.
It can’t be comprehended six five three five at a glance.
eight nine by calculation,
seven nine or imagination,
not even three two three eight by wit, that is, by comparison
four six to anything else
two six four three in the world.
The longest snake on earth calls it quits at about forty feet.

Some do this through poetic riddles or limericks, which employ rhyme or rhythm in order to assist the memory with mathematical
concepts. Such as The Spider and the Fly, by J.A.H. Hunter

‘Come right into my parlour,’ said
The spider to the fly,
‘And answer one small question, please,
Unless you want to die.
I’ve eaten scores of flies, of course,
But tell me if you dare:
If females had two more, and males
But half their present share,
How many flies like that, d’you think,
I really would require,
To give me twenty-eight fly legs,
The number I desire?’

Imperfect Pantoum and Name Art

Salie Davis

1) white bird, mother bird

2) a symbol through time

3) the young ones to nurture to their prime

4) black bird, father bird

2) a symbol through time

5) the domestic flower grows a full bloom

6) with a green leaf beside

7) changed with time, mother bird, be on guard

8) alone your young lie exposed

3) the young ones to nurture to their prime

9) a wild grass grows.

4) black bird, father bird

5) the domestic flower grows a full bloom

6) with a green leaf beside

7) changed with time, mother bird be on guard

10) hurry home black bird for

8) alone your young lie exposed

9) a wild grass grows

10) hurry home black bird for

1) white bird, mother bird.

Random words and a Pantoum



1)Fall about.

2)humankind falls down by means of you.

3)shed tears.

4)afterward you wail and no-one else.

2)humankind falls down by means of you.

5)heartrending world obliged to have amuse,

4)afterward you wail and no-one else.

6)contrary, it has misfortune sufficient.

5)heartrending world obliged to have amuse,

7)yet croon and prominence commands response

6)contrary, it has misfortune sufficient.

8)heave sigh, no one to be found in heaven

9)excepting if jubilant resonance

3)shed tears.

10)yet they back away if you express concern.

1)Fall about.


I like finding random words when creating a constraint. For example I may decide that I am going to use the seventh word of each paragraph from one page of a random book I pull off my library shelf and open to a random page. If that isn’t challenging enough then I may choose structure rules as well, such as in the above Pantoum above.

About me

I offer extensive experience managing virtual teams in educational applications as a consultant and in the private sector, as well as in corporate applications. I have worked in the ever-emergent remote workforce for over ten years, as a web author, content creator and as a coach/mentor supporting remote workers in customer care fields. I have volunteered as an academic coach and mentor while earning my degrees at Empire State College via distance and currently serve as the President of the Graduate Student Collaborative, organizing online seminars and meetings. I have worked as an Operations Management Division Analyst (OMDA) for Sykes, a completely remote position. Prior to this position, I piloted several programs at Sykes, creating procedures and supports in these emerging programs as well as training employees, and creating training manuals and videos. Both my degrees in creative marketing and in media communications complements my ability to address the specific challenges that learning and teaching through technology interfaces creates. I worked as an educator, teaching art, music and computer for five years at a private school. I designed all the curriculum for these classes. My current studies in learning and teaching in emerging technologies have kept my knowledge of educational applications cutting edge.

I develop curriculum for my autistic daughter and have been working with educational design in virtual worlds. I develop open source curriculum that I provide access to on my blog and websites. I am a founding member of the think tank, the Institute for New Paradigms. One mission of this organization is to serve as consultants to organizations seeking to grow in rich, often technology mediated, forms of learning and communication. I routinely help organize and present at seminars on leadership, emerging technologies and education. I have organized college diversity discussions that bridged students across the state through technology conferencing. I also supported students during a pilot program of an immersive virtual residency conducted by Empire State College.

My education and work experience make me especially adept in working with teams and individuals through distance technology. I worked in the health and human services fields for ten years before switching career paths. These positions included intensive work with special populations of all ages and training in behavioral techniques and communications. My interpersonal communication skills enable me to deliver results in a person focused environment. By proactive analysis, I anticipate needs to provide information, resources and communications. I remain professional and respectful in high stress conflict situations with empathy and diplomacy to provide resolution. This is more challenging in a virtual environment than in one that is face to face. My passion for supporting and motivating people to be the best that they can be. This is what drives me.


SUNY Empire State College, New York, Master of Arts, Dec 2019

Learning in Emerging Technologies

SUNY Empire State College, New York, Dec 2019

Certificate Teaching in Emerging Technologies

SUNY Empire State College, New York, Bachelor of Arts Degree

Interdisciplinary Studies: Creative Marketing and Media Communications, June 2015

SUNY Empire State College Associate’s Degree

Interdisciplinary Studies: Creative Marketing. June 2011


Down East Horizons

Sign Language Certification, 2003

Care and Comfort

Behavioral Specialist, 2003

Community Health and Human services

Certified Medications Technician, 2002

Residential Councilor, 2001

United Technologies Center

Activities Coordinator, 1998

Mount Desert Island Adult Education

Certified Nursing Assistant, 1995

Presentations (Oral and Poster):

OSCC Challenging Goliath, Bringing Virtual Reality into Higher Education………October 2018


CUNY Games Conference 4.0,  January 2018


SUNY Student Wellness Retreat, April 2018


SUNY poster contest presenter, April 2010

SUNY Undergraduates Shaping New York’s Future: A Showcase of Scholarly Posters


Grants Received:

Otter Creek Park and Playground Construction Fund Town of Mount Desert, 1996

Grant awarded for 10,000 dollars to construct a village recreational area

Acadia Christian School art program Garelic Farms, 2014

500 dollar grant from for the purchase of supplies


Institutional Service:

SUNY Graduate Student Collaborative President, 2017-Current


Institute for New Paradigms founding member, 2018-Current


Empire State College tutor, 2010-2012

Telephonic conferences and written communication for distance learners

Created online learning videos

Conducted virtual learning screen share activities

Empire State College CDL Connection student reporter, 2010-2012

Conducted interviews and submitted articles for publication

Community Involvement:

4H V.O.L.T. trained leader, 1996-2011

Co-led 4h groups

Supervised at major 4H event including overnight and extended conferences

Created a pilot initiative for a virtual 4H group

Summer Camp counselor, 2005-2007

Developed and implemented camp activities for photography classes

Supervised and engaged a cabin of 6 girls in daily activities and overnight

Otter Creek Park and Play Ground Project Coordinator,  1997-2002

Responsible for designing a park and a playground

Project coordination and managing construction

Fund raising for 15,000 separate from town grant

Otter Creek Aide Society Director, 1996-2002

Village improvement society serving 1000 plus people

Responsible for running annual village events and holiday celebrations

Management of village owned properties

Town of Mount Desert, 1995-1997

Traffic Safety Committee

Relevant Experience:


Virtual Reality platforms / Zoom conferencing / Adobe conferencing/ Microsoft Office

OSX software/ Linux open source software/ Windows software/ Adobe Creative Suites

RTM / RTA/WFO/ EWFM /Kronos / Aspect /Avaya /Spark / Skype/Messenger/ Social media platforms and other web based tools.

Content Creation

Home school Instructor all grade levels, 1997-2009 / 2014-2019

Researched, designed and implemented custom curriculum

Alpine Access/Sykes serving high profile clients with a virtual workforce, 2012-2019

Corporate Operation Management Division- America

Productivity team and Technology team

Program support, coaching, training, and supervision

Sales, customer service and support

Acadia Christian School: Art, Music, and Computer Science teacher all grade levels, 2009-2014

Supported the program through solicited donations and supplies

Researched, designed and implemented custom curriculum

Wrote and designed curriculum and Art book

Web Content Writer and Photographer for acadianationalpark.com, 2010

Travel and leisure article and photography

Acadian Otter Corporate Manager, 2003-2010

Oversaw marketing and operations of rental and land management

Down East Horizons, Residential Specialist and Job Coach, 2002-2003

In home care and training of combative adults with physical and mental disabilities

Sign language communication

Facility care, job training and coaching for developmentally challenged adults

Care and Comfort Behavioral Specialist 1, 2002-2003

Home based intervention of emotionally challenged children

C.H.C.S. Residential Councilor and In-service trainer, 1999-2002

Supervision and life counseling of 6 teenage high risk youth

Bar Harbor Times, Otter Creek Correspondent, 1994-1999

Weekly village news article/editorial

Sonogee Rehabilitation and Living Center, Activities Director and In-service trainer, 1997-2000

Management of 36 patients afflicted by Dementia and staff training


God’s Little Story Book About Art by Salie Davis

God’s Little Storybook About Art by Salie Davis

This is a PDF of  a curriculum design I created while teaching art for elementary children, covering the story of creation, and creativity.

Educational introduction for teachers

Video that can be paused for reading

Video of resource read by the author




Power point presentation




Power point presentation




XLS file


docx file