Identifying the Goal
These are the steps you would first repeat to the child, then as the child becomes familiar with them you would prompt, “What is the next step?” We will use a cooking example here. Remember to have the child state, “what is my goal.” instead of simply “bake a cake.”
When identifying a goal it will be important to ask you student questions to challenge the motivation behind their desire to accomplish the goal.
Why is the project based goal being done? In our cooking example it may be. ”
“So I can bake a cake.”
Why is it important?
“It will be my sisters birthday tomorrow.”
Why should people care?
“Everyone will share in the joy and reward of eating a cake made by me for my sister.”
What is the Goal? (what you want to achieve)
“to learn to cook a cake.”
Remember to delve deeper in the thought process, I.E. “What are the objectives to the goal?
“To complete the cake in time for my sisters birthday party.”
“what are the challenges or resistance that might be faced?
I have never cooked a cake before.”
What needs to happen and when?
“Read the recipe, gather the ingredients, mix the ingredients, follow the steps, bake the cake, decorate the cake, and eat the cake.”
Who is involved?
“Me My Mom, My Dad, and My sister.”
When does this need to be accomplished?
“This afternoon, before tomorrow.”
Identify where the task will take place. “in the kitchen”
Make a list of the steps that will be needed to accomplish the goal.
Dream or Goal
step one: Identify the Goal
What is the goal specifically? An example would be Bake a Cake. Naming the goal helps solidify the commitment to accomplishing the goal.
Step two: Establish a Goal Time Frame.
Is this a long term goal or a short term goal? Create a set time frame for completion, while allowing for some flexibility for learning. In our example the time frame would be 3 hours of instruction time and preparation/ cooking time. This gives ample time for novice students.
Step three. Identify participants in the goal and roles
Who will participate in the accomplishment of this goal?
“Myself, my parents, and my sister”
What will the roles be for those involved?
Mom is the leader. She will instruct and Guide. I will complete the tasks. Dad will evaluate the success of the outcome. My sister will experience a birthday surprise.”
Step Four. List tools and resources needed for the goal.
In the cooking example a list can be created and gathered.
All cooking utensils and equipment needed.
Stove, pots, pot holders, spatulas, bowls, etc.
All food items needed according to the recipe.
Eggs, Milk, flour, coco powder, etc.
Step five. Complete the goal through an activity based lesson.
Help the student achieve their goal through solid goal setting, preparation and guidance through the activity.
Lesson plan preparation
Prior to beginning the task discuss all the steps.
Demonstrate the task either in person, or via video. Allow the student to ask questions and address concerns before beginning the project.
Prepare the student
Before each goal is decided review goal setting steps through video, charts,, discussions, or other venues.
Before each activity
Review goal setting steps through videos, charts, discussions or other venue.
Lesson Plan Objectives
When teaching goal setting to children the objective is not simply to teach them how to accomplish the named task. The objective is to teach them the steps for goal setting and goal accomplishment through activity based learning. Hence by naming the steps each time and having the children learn the steps, they are learning how to accomplish any goal.
Methods of evaluation
Self evaluation: Ask the student to self evaluate.
Did you start on time?
Did you end on time?
Was the project to big, to hard??
Was it to small, to easy?
What did you enjoy?
What steps were you challenged by?
What would you do again?
What would you do differently?
Mentor, parent or teacher led observation based on the outcome criteria.
Badging will be awarded by the instructor for learning goal setting.
Peer evaluation based on the goals outcome and/or set feedback guidelines. Peer badges can be awarded for specific goals if done with a larger group of peers through the voting process.